Exterior, what to pay attention to when developing a design project for the external appearance of a building?
The exterior is called the architectural appearance, the design of the building, which makes a favorable aesthetic impression. The exterior design is based on a synthesis of pragmatic and artistic ideas and solutions aimed at improving the conditions of human existence in a holistic, aesthetically perfect form. It is he, the exterior, that forms the first idea of the building.The exterior must be aesthetically attractive, as well as fully and completely combined and harmonized with the interior decoration, creating with it a unity in style. Exterior, i.e. the external form of a house, building or structure serves, so to speak, as its appearance, something like its visiting card. The exterior design has many elements stacked together that work together to create an attractive building appearance.Styles and choice of style solutions. How to choose the style of the future building, structure?
Style is determined by the unity of the artistic solution of all constituent elements. In today's world, building styles are chosen based on the technologies and building materials available to us today. Therefore, when choosing building materials for the exterior of buildings and structures, it is necessary to take into account all kinds of design features, its location, as well as factors such as environmental friendliness, fire safety and energy saving design.The general appearance of the building depends not only on its external finish, but also on the surrounding landscape - a garden, a park, a personal plot. When developing a design project for a building or structure, it is necessary to take into account the climatic conditions and the area on which it will be built. Of particular note are all the features of the relief, the proximity of groundwater and reservoirs, as well as natural lighting.Of course, the final choice of the stylistic solution of a building or structure depends only on the customer, his taste preferences, financial capabilities, social status, i.e. conditions, which may change over time depending on the circumstances. Not only aesthetic perception, but also the impression made on the owners, as well as the durability of the building, its convenience and comfort largely depend on the choice of building style.Today, there are many styles of exterior and general appearance of buildings. Each external style has its own specifics and rules. Based on these features and principles, several main street styles can be distinguished: classic, baroque, modern, minimalism and ultra-modern style.The classical style appeared in Europe in the 17th century, translated from Latin exemplary. For four centuries, the classical style remained popular. This style is characterized by the presence of columns, pediments, balustrades, cornices, sculptural compositions and stucco. The palaces of St. Petersburg, the villas of London are a vivid example of classicism in the design of the luxurious appearance of buildings. Classicism is known for its large straight or rounded windows, the correct geometry of the facades, which are decorated with columns, stucco, balustrades.
The Baroque architectural style originated in Europe in the 17th century and was translated from Italian. "Baroque" means strange. This style is characterized by really amazing rich and expensive decorations in the form of a garland, curls of leaves and plants, figures of people with interesting and unusual patterns, grandeur and grace. Exaggerated solemnity, complexity and intricacy appear in the appearance of the buildings.The columns of the palace are replaced by Atlantean sculptures or mythological images. Many golden elements, figures and intricate contours, complex images on the facades are the hallmarks of this style. Any baroque house looks very impressive and amazing, which distinguishes it from the rest
Style Modern. Translated from French means "new art", which appeared in France at the end of the 19th century. This style included all the artistic movements of this era. There are no clear rules and materials in the decoration. Art Nouveau was the first architectural trend to move away from the old, conservative styles, mostly classicism. With the help of Art Nouveau, when decorating the facades of buildings, natural patterns are added - branched, asymmetrical and smooth lines and the presence of sharp corners.The structure is subject to style and even looks from different angles. The use of various building materials, such as metal, glass, concrete, wood and stone, in Art Nouveau houses leads to great success. Art Nouveau has a special design: large windows, mosaics and stained glass patterns, terraces, verandas, platforms, railings, etc.
Minimalism is a style of naturalness and elegance, restraint and convenience. Minimalism is a free style that can break all boundaries. This is a new direction in art that came to us from the East and is able to adapt well to other styles. With the help of chrome-plated steel, the facades of the buildings are finished in neutral and light colors with contrasting dark elements. Materials such as natural stone, brick and wood were used in the construction. The free style of minimalism does not like decor and decorations that emphasize the elegance of forms. If you want to get minimalism, then leave the best and necessary!
Modern architectural buildings made of glass and concrete use ultra-modern high-tech style with space elements. A person who is interested in high-tech style, combining elements and details of minimalism - then high-tech style is the best choice!
Unusualness and originality that do not detract from functionality, openness of communicative elements that emphasize attention, simplicity of architectural forms and various shades allow you to create an extraordinary design that will delight you with the richness of its style, prestige and luxury. Today, many buildings of large corporations and companies are built in this style.